Non-interest Income, Credit Risk and Bank Stability: Evidence from Vietnam
Main Article Content
This study examines the impact of non-interest income on bank riskiness captured by two dimensions of credit risk and bank stability. Based on a panel of Vietnamese banks during the period 2007â€“2017 and a dynamic approach estimated by the generalised method of moments (GMM), we find that: (1) banks more involved in non-interest income activities have less credit risk, but higher bank instability; (2) the decomposition of bank instability indicates that risk-adjusted profitability and capital buffer corresponding to risk-taking are adversely affected by non-interest income; and (3) private banks could gain more diversification benefits of credit risk reduction, while the drawback effect of income diversification on bank stability is lower for state-owned banks. Our findings exhibit the double-edged nature of the shift toward non-interest from interest income, but we have no evidence to support the notion that non-interest income drives bank stability through the transmission impact of credit risk. The study clarifies the ongoing debates about the safety and soundness of income diversification in emerging markets.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described is original, has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis); that is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. Transfer of copyright to the University of Malaya becomes effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline and online) or other reproductions of similar nature.
An author may self-archive the English language version of his/her article on his/her own website and his/her institutions repository; however he/she may not use the publishers PDF version which is posted on www.ijie.um.edu.my. Furthermore, the author may only post his/her version, provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link must be accompanied by the following text: The original publication is available at www.ijie.um.edu.my.
All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and redistribute the article (e.g. as offprint), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic database, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from the publishers. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
The copyright owners consent does not include copying for general distribution, promotion, new works, or resale. In these cases, specific written permission must first be obtained from the publishers.