Ownership and Technological Intensities in Ugandan Manufacturing

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Rajah Rasiah


This paper examines productivity, export-intensity and technological differences between foreign and local firms in metal engineering,
food and beverages, and plastics firms in Uganda using an adapted version
of the technological capability framework. Although the results were mixed,
foreign firms enjoyed higher and statistically significant technological
capabilities than local firms, and in its components of human resource,
process technology and adaptive engineering. The relationship between
labour productivity and export intensity, and technological intensity was
stronger in foreign firms than in local firms. The relationship between
foreign ownership and adaptive engineering was also positive and significant.
Despite 25 percent of the foreign firms enjoying no cross-border subsidiaries,
foreign firms showed higher participation in adaptive engineering activities
than local firms.


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