Main Article Content
The processes of regional economic integration in East Asia has its own characteristics because unlike in Europe, enterprises here play a very important role. Regionalism is also underway in East Asia, in particular in Japan. This study aims to analyse and evaluate the role played by Japan in the development of East Asian regionalism at various stages since the mid-1980s. The authors will also attempt to find out if Japan will emerge as a leader of East Asian regionalism in the future. The study adopted critical review of relevant literature, descriptive and inference methods to achieve its objective. Additionally, analysis of statistical data is used to support main findings which show that Japan has never been a key in shaping East Asian regionalism, except some attempts in the period directly after the Asian financial crisis. Therefore, the findings further suggest for Japan to achieve this leadership role in the near future is limited.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described is original, has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis); that is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. Transfer of copyright to the University of Malaya becomes effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline and online) or other reproductions of similar nature.
An author may self-archive the English language version of his/her article on his/her own website and his/her institution’s repository; however he/she may not use the publisher’s PDF version which is posted on www.ijie.um.edu.my. Furthermore, the author may only post his/her version, provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link must be accompanied by the following text: “The original publication is available at www.ijie.um.edu.my”.
All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and redistribute the article (e.g. as offprint), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic database, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from the publishers. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
The copyright owner’s consent does not include copying for general distribution, promotion, new works, or resale. In these cases, specific written permission must first be obtained from the publishers.